2009年03月08日

ALL IN ONE 165

165分詞構文:現在分詞が主語の後

"Look out",he cried out.
(look out = watch out)

I laughed at him in spite of myself.

When the cat,casing a mouse,ran out in front of us.

It is a speeding dump truck,isn't it ?
(dmup truck ダンプカー(米) = dmuper(truck)(英))

I came close to bing scolded by the teacher.
(come close to Ving = come near to Ving)

He was run over by a car,but he was fine.
(be[get] run over = be[get] run down = be[get] hit)

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2009年03月06日

ALL IN ONE 164

164分子構文:現在分詞が文頭

Leaving his parents behind by themselves,he went out.

I traveled on foot to Europe.
(on foot = by foot 通常onを使う方が多い)

Have you ever been to the Mediterranean coast ?

We have to head for the mountain.

How do you want to go there by sea or by land ?

Where is your native land ?
(land 不可算名詞、a piece of land 一区画の土地)

posted by Atom at 09:23| Comment(0) | TrackBack(0) | 日記 | このブログの読者になる | 更新情報をチェックする

2009年03月05日

ALL IN ONE 163

163分子構文:現在分詞が文頭

Talking with him,I went to school.

Can you whistle ?

Are your car fovorite ?

This is my theme tune.

You look a little stout.

Take off you hat when you stay home.

She wrapped a towel aroud her head.

Your waist is beautiful.

I want to get into the sauna soon.

<分子構文>
現在分詞や過去分詞が「副詞」として文や動詞を修飾する構造になるもの。

「現在分子構文の3つの形」

@現在分詞が文頭に置かれる
Ving...,S+V    Vして[Vしながら]SはVする

A現在分詞が文中に置かれる
S,Ving...,V...    SはVして[Vしながら]Vする

B現在分詞が文末に置かれる
S+V...(,)Ving   SはVして[Vしながら]Vする
           SはVし、そしてVする

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2009年03月04日

ALL IN ONE 162

162現在分詞の副詞用法

She is very humble.

He is not a priest.

I would like to spent the rest of my life enjoying.
(spend ...Ving = waste...Ving)

The rest of these is yours.

She is careing for her baby.
(care for = look after)

There are a large number of the poor,the sick, and the disabled in the world.
(disabled 体の不自由な、disability(名詞))
(a number of = several)

Have you ever been to developing countries?
(developing ⇔ developed)

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2009年03月03日

ALL IN ONE 161

161現在分詞の副詞用法

I'm having a hard time doing the work.

I want you to talk my parentts out of fighting.

Who has the custody of the boy ?

Neither of us knows it.

He is willing to play baseball.

I parted with my car.

Is your five-year-old son fine ?

<現在分詞の副詞的用法>
be busy Ving       Vするのに忙しい
have difficulty Ving   Vするのに苦労する
have trouble Ving    Vするのに苦労する
have a hard time Ving Vするのに苦労する
spend[waste]...Ving   を費やす[浪費する]

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2009年03月02日

ALL IN ONE 160

160過去分詞の形容詞用法:自動詞の場合

It was a hope come true.

After a few years of my endeavor,I became rich.
(endeavor 努力、努力する = strive)

The hard-working student passed the examination.
(hard-working = diligent)

Mr.White invented new car.
(inventの名詞形:invention 発明、発明品)

DS of Nintendo is an epoch-making electronic device.

posted by Atom at 09:07| Comment(0) | TrackBack(0) | 日記 | このブログの読者になる | 更新情報をチェックする

2009年03月01日

ALL IN ONE 159

159過去分詞の形容詞用法:自動詞の場合

We were looking back on memories gone by then.

This is where we used to play baseball.

Where are you hunging out ?

I like it a lot.
(a lot(口語的) = very much)

May I look at this photo ?
(photo(口語的) = photograph)

The toy reminds me of my childhood.

Life has the joys and sorrows.

My adolescence was very fine.
(adolescent:adolescence(青春期)の形容詞形)

<2語から成る自動詞句の過去分詞>
上記、go byのような2語からなる自動詞句を過去分詞にする場合、「完了・結果」の形容詞となりALL IN ONE 157で書いたように修飾する名詞の後に置く。

posted by Atom at 10:33| Comment(0) | TrackBack(0) | 日記 | このブログの読者になる | 更新情報をチェックする
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