2009年03月19日

ALL IN ONE 175

175分詞構文:分詞の使い分け

What are you ? I'm a fisherman.

I refer to the book as great teaching.

It is a tiny rocky island.

There are some gunboats in the sea.

Seen from a distance,he looks like goodlooking.
(at a distance 遠く(の場所)で)

The car somewhat resembles mine.
(somewhat 少し(公式的) = a little)

Who is in the battleship ?

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2009年03月18日

ALL IN ONE 174

174分詞構文:分詞の使い分け

Compared with me and my sister,my father is easy to get angry.
(compare A with[to] B:AをBと比較する)

As she is very considerate,everybody likes her.
(cosiderate 思いやりがある、considerable かなりの)

Can you stand by me ?

Whenever I am hungry,I feel like bad.

Don't grumble.

He is ready to go out.

<過去分詞と現在分詞の使い分け>

Compared with A,C is good.
Aと比較するとCはよい。

この場合、compareは過去分詞を使う。比較している主体がCならばcompareは現在分詞となるが比較しているのはC以外であるため。

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2009年03月17日

ALL IN ONE 173

173分詞構文:過去分詞が文末

Have you ever become a bridemaid ?

I read out the report.
(read out:読み上げる(外に読む) *readだけだと黙読ともとれる)

I hit a ball,followed by him,who cached it.

I want to be the best man.
(bridemaid ⇔ the best man)

She proposed a toast to them.
(propose a toast to への乾杯の音頭をとる)

The bride and groom look happy.
(groom = bride groom)

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2009年03月16日

ALL IN ONE 172

172分詞構文:過去分詞が主語の後

Contrary to what I expected,she was strong.

The jury returned a severe verdict.
(a member of the jury:陪審員の一人)
(verdict ≒ sentence)

We are unanimous.

He has a faith of not guilty.

She was a defendant.
(defendant ⇔ plaintiff(原告))

She was embraced by her boyfriend.

What is his job ? He is an attorney.
(attoreney = lawer)

I wept with joy when I noticed I was loved by every one.

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2009年03月15日

ALL IN ONE 171

171分詞構文:過去分詞が主語の後

Were you a naughty student when you were young ?

He accompanied his son to go to school.

The man,arrested by the police,stayed calm.

Who came to the teachers' room then ?

I apologized to my sister for my bad behavior.

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2009年03月13日

ALL IN ONE 170

170分詞構文:過去分詞が文頭

He startled her by tapping her on the shoulder.
(tap[pat,slap] on the 体の部分:<人>の体の部分をたたく)

Absorbed in my English stury,I didn't notice it's diner time.

I frequently watch TV.

Don't play such childish pranks.
(play を行う、play pranks,jokes,triks)
(childish:子供のような(軽蔑した言い方))

<分子構文>
現在分詞や過去分詞が「副詞」として文や動詞を修飾する構造になるもの。

「過去分詞構文の3つの形」

@過去分詞が文頭に置かれる
Vpp...,S+V    Vされて[Vされながら]SはVする

A過去分詞が文中に置かれる
S,Vpp...,V...    SはVされて[Vされながら]Vする

B現在分詞が文末に置かれる
S+V...(,)Vpp   SはVされて[Vされながら]Vする
           SはVし、そしてVされる

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2009年03月12日

ALL IN ONE 169

169分詞構文:現在分詞が文末

The truck was loaded with a lot of things.
(load A wih B :AにBを積む)

Do you know sacks of wheat and beans ?

The car skidded on the slippery road.
(slippery = slippy(口語的))

He flipped onto his side.

A big stone fall down,completely obstracting the street.

This is the freeway in our country.
(freeway(米) = motorway(英))

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2009年03月11日

ALL IN ONE 168

168分詞構文:現在分詞が文末

Seconds after the cat ran out,it catched a mouse.

This is a spectacular show.

Have you ever seen a spacecraft launch ?

There is a plane with people on board.
(with A B:AがBである状態で[状態の])

The car blew up and came apart yesterday.

He was died,striking us dumb with shock.

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2009年03月10日

ALL IN ONE 167

167分詞構文:現在分詞が文末

I deliverately didn't doing my job.
(deliverately = on purpose (注)発音tをほとんどしないことが多い)。

I don't like to flatter anyone.
(flatter:お世辞を言う、flattery:flatterの名詞形)

She has a lot of attire.

I told her,hoping and praying that she would go to the zoo with me.

She distrcted her mother from her bad actions.

He made a big blunder.
(make a blunder = make a mistake = make an error)

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2009年03月09日

ALL IN ONE 166

166分詞構文:現在分詞が文末

As she practiced the piano,she was late getting back home.

He paced back and forth near the station.

There were many people in the lobby.

The man somoked,waiting for someone.

Are you worried something might happen to you ?
(happen to 名詞:に起こる、の身にふりかかる、happen to 動詞:偶然〜する)

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