2009年02月13日

ALL IN ONE 138

138動名詞:前置詞の目的語

I insisted on playing chess there.

She cooked dinner in exchange for my washing the dishes.

Do you learn the art of flower arrangement ?

She likes doing the rituals of the tea ceremony.

<副詞が意味上の主語>

I never dreamded of there being such a big park in this small town.

このちっぽけな町にこんな大きな公園があるとは思いもしなかった。

*thereは副詞だが意味上の主語となっている。

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ALL IN ONE 137

137動名詞:前置詞の目的語

The respected teacher talked to his students about the history.

His brother wants to be a physicist.

He emphasized his justice.

There is the necessity of increasing love in this world.

Science education is important for us.

Which are you in,primary school or secondary school ?

<前置詞of,on,for,inなど>
目的語に名詞を置くことができます。動名詞は名詞の一種です。


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2009年02月12日

ALL IN ONE 136

136動名詞の目的語が文の主語になる場合

My mode of operation is absolutely right.

After reviewing the plan,he pointed out that it was wrong.

Is he a consultant ?

The food needs eating soon.

The results reflect the conditions facing you.

<目的語が主語となるneedの使い方>
needが動名詞をとる場合、動名詞になる同士が他動詞でその目的語が主語になる形にする。つまり他動詞の目的語が欠落する形にする。

This pet needs washing
ペットを洗う必要がある

This pet needs being washed ×(間違い)

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ALL IN ONE 135

135動名詞とto不定詞で意味が異なるもの

I ran out of patience about his habit.

He is not too particular about his grooming and appearance.
(grooming and appearance 身だしなみ)

Why don't you go to the store ?

I was try playing the guitar.
私はギターを試しに弾いた(実際に弾いた)。

I was try to play the guitar.
私はギターを弾こうとした(弾いたかは不明)。

Do you buy a new tie ?

She plays tennis for a change.

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2009年02月10日

ALL IN ONE 134

134動名詞が述語動詞より過去を表す場合

I'll never forget seeing you.

He looks so nervous on the job inverview.

While walking on the street,I met my friend.

She was so tense she could not talk with him.
(tense = nervous)

He felt his heart beating his throat then.
(feel one's heart beating one's throat 口から心臓が飛び出しそうに感じる)

<forget Ving>
〜したことを忘れるという意味。通常、否定形で用いる。

I don't forget doing my homework.

肯定形で用いる場合は forget about Vingとして使う

I forgot about doing my homework.
私は宿題をしたことを忘れた(することを忘れたならto doing my homeworkを使う)。

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ALL IN ONE 133

133動名詞が述語動詞より過去を表す場合

You can take advantage of your skill.

I remember your making mistakes in those days.

He objected to having dinner there.
(toは前置詞)

I want a car.My brother want one too.

She remember doing it yesterday.

<動名詞で過去を表す>

remember Ving 以前にVした記憶がある
remember to V Vしなければならないことを覚えている
forget Ving 以前にVしたことを忘れる
forget to V VしなければならないのにVし忘れる
regret Ving 以前にVしたことが残念だ
regret to V Vしなければならないのが残念だ

*regret Vingは過去を明確にするためhaving+過去分詞を用いる傾向がある。

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2009年02月09日

ALL IN ONE 132

132動名詞の意味上の主語

He is such a kind,warm man that I can't possibly believe him do such a thing.

Don't such foul,vulgar language.
(foul = vulgar = rude)

She was temporarily fine.

Are you insane ?
(insane 気が狂った(公式的) = mad)

<意味上の主語>

他動詞+意味上の主語+動名詞
前置詞+意味上の主語+動名詞

意味上の主語は代名詞の場合、所有格(my,her,hisなど)か目的格(me,her,himなど)を用いる。目的格の方が口語的。

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ALL IN ONE 131

131動名詞:動詞の目的語

Originally,She liked him.

Is he a suspect ?

I denied ever being involved in the problem.

There was conspiray to murder in this town ten years ago.

Afterward he decided to quit his job.
(afterward(米) = afterwards(英))

She compelled his daughter to do her homework.
(compel・・・to V = force・・・to V)

As he had his conscience,he admitted his sin.

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2009年02月06日

ALL IN ONE 130

130動名詞:動名詞の目的語

I can't help laughing at her.
(can't help Ving = can't help but V)

She isn't fit for a singing job.

It is true his ablity is excellent,but he doesn't think so.

When it comes to buying,it is a little too expensive for me.
(a little too = a bit too = a little bit too)

Is your father self-righteous ?

*self-xxxx
self-righteous 独善的
self-interest 自分の利益
self-control 自制心

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ALL IN ONE 129

129動名詞:動詞の目的語

He is an ambitious person,so he will success soon.

His father became a general.

The man conquered the country.

Do you know that Denmark is kingdom ?

The girl ascended the throne when she was seven years old.

There is the monarch in the country.

He escaped being scolded by his father.

The crime was executed by shooting.

They banished him from the country.

<動詞+being+過去分詞>
〜されること。to+be+過去分詞に置き換えられる。ただし動詞によってはそれができない(ALL IN ONE 126参照)。

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