2009年01月30日

ALL IN ONE 122

122to不定詞の完了形

Are they smugglers ?

He is alleged to have made a lot of money by doing bad things.

She has no less than 100 medals.

Please come down with 1000 yen per person.

It is forbidden sale to import ivories and lumbers
(lumber 材木(米) = timber(英))

<to have 過去分詞、to have been 現在分詞>
述語動詞より以前の行為や出来事を表す

He looks to have worked for years.
彼は長年働いたように見える。

She looks to have been running for a long time.
彼女は長時間、走っていたように見える。

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ALL IN ONE 121

121to不定詞の副詞用法:独立不定詞

At the time,I was having breakfast.

A big wall restricted visibility.
(restrict = limit)

Motorists are people who drive a car.

Can you make out the letter ?

A traffic light turned red.

Not to mention healty,it is important for us.
(not to mention・・・ = without mentioning・・・)

You should take care of road signs.

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2009年01月27日

ALL IN ONE 120

120to不定詞の副詞用法:独立不定詞

Is she a secretary ?

He is good at English,among other things,speaking English.

I am proud of myself.
(be pruod of = take pride in)

His power is remakable.

He has a great linguistic ability.

Which do you like better,Spanish or Italian ?

I know his character,to say nothing of his name.
(to say nothing of = not to mention)

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ALL IN ONE 119

119to不定詞の副詞用法:独立不定詞

Do you think of me as a English speaker ?
(think A as B(AをBとみなす) = look on A as B = regard A as B)

To tell you the truth,I'm not fine.

I'm sick and tired of his joke.

I don't like just serving tea.

Can you answer the phone ?

I like reading,taking pictures,surfing Internet and so forth.

Her job is photocopying day in,day out.

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2009年01月26日

ALL IN ONE 118

118to不定詞の副詞用法:独立不定詞

How do you like your new house ?
(How do you like〜 感想や好みを尋ねる表現)

He bought a condo to live in.

To be honest,I like everyone.

It leaves a lot to be sold at the store.

Is this watch's price is high ?

I have a lot of work today,and what's more,I have to look after my pet.

<独立不定詞>
文頭や文末に置いて文全体を修飾したり、文中に挿入して他の語句を修飾したりする副詞の慣用句

to be honest[frank]      正直[率直]に言うと
to tell (you) the truth    本当のことを言うと
not to mention        は言うまでもなく
to say nothing of       は言うまでもなく
to say the least (of it)    控えめに言っても
not to say           とは言わないまでも
needless to say       言うまでもなく
so to speak          言うなれば
to begin[start] with     まず始めに
to make matters worses  さらに悪いことには

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ALL IN ONE 117

117to不定詞の副詞用法:形容詞の限定

My father am easy to offend.
(offend=upset)

Everyone is impossible not to love.

She is difficult to get along with.

To say the least,he is a good man.

Who is your boss ?

I want to come by my job.

Money is easy to make.

<SをVするのは〜だ >
形容詞を具現化するto VのVの目的語が主語Sとなる。Vは他動詞または自動詞+前置詞のように目的語をとれるものがくる。

S is easy to V         SをVするのは簡単だ
S is difficult[hard] to V    SをVするのは難しい
S is impossible to V      SをVするのは不可能だ

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2009年01月25日

ALL IN ONE 116

117to不定詞の副詞用法:形容詞の限定

Little by little,it is glad for me to be good at speaking English.

Are you a housewife ?

What did you grow weary of ?

It is hard for most people to do household chores.

His life is monotonous.

I am eager to help people.

What are you seeking ?

I want to do something more stimulating.
(stimulate = excite)

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ALL IN ONE 115

115to不定詞の副詞用法:形容詞の限定

Hey,what's keeping you ?

I'm anxious to be happy.

When did you get there ?

You should go to school on time.

His pictures will be sold out in a day.

You can decide which life you want to select.

<形容詞の意味を具体化>

S is able to V     SはVするのが可能だ
S is slow to V     SはVするのが遅い
S is ready to V    SはVしかかっている
S is willing to V    SはVするのをいとわない
S is reluctant to V  SはVするのを嫌がる
S is sure to V     SはVするのが確実だ
S is certain to V   SはVするのが確実だ
S is bound to V    SはVするのが確実だ
S is likely to V    SはVする可能性が高い
S is liable to V    SはVする可能性が高い
S is apt to V      SはVする傾向がある
S is anxious to V   SはしきりにVしたがっている
S is eager to V    SはしきりにVしたがっている
S is eligible to V   SはVする資格がある

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2009年01月23日

ALL IN ONE 114

114to不定詞の副詞用法:程度

As he run suddenly,he was puffing and panting.

She was groaning because of her deep sadness.

He should slow down the speed of studying a bit.
(a bit(口語) = a little)

Are you out of breath ?
(breathの動詞形はbreathe(発音に注意))

I can't swim fast enough to keep up with them.

<enough>
形容詞や副詞を修飾する時にはその後ろに置き、名詞を修飾する時にはその前に置く。

fast enough to
enough milk

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ALL IN ONE 113

113to不定詞の副詞用法:程度

This is a difficult plan,so it's up to you.

We are responsible for circumstances of the Earth.

Which do you like better,puppies or kittens ?

I'm too sleepy to do the work.

She is taking care of three children.
(take care of = look after)

"Can I try this on" "Sure"
(Sure = Sure thing = No problem = Okay = Why not ?)

I think everyone can count on me
(count on = rely on)

<to V を使って形容詞や副詞の程度をあらわす>

too ... to V    ...過ぎてVできない
...enough to V  ...Vするだけ十分に
so...as to V    ...Vするほど...

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